E. S. BUROVA Post-graduate student of the ISAA of Lomonosov Moscow State University Cambodia Keywords:, human trafficking, prostitution, begging Human trafficking has become a global problem that affects almost all countries and generates huge profits for traffickers and their intermediaries. Currently, it is one of the most violent and cynical types of organized criminal activity, which is rapidly developing and reaching threatening proportions. According to experts, the total revenue is $32 billion. annually 1. Countries around the world are enacting laws and international agreements designed to put an end to all forms of modern slavery and the slave trade, and eliminate them as a criminal practice. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights prohibits all forms of slavery, the slave trade and servitude.2 In 2000. The International Labour Organization (ILO) has adopted a document" On the protection of victims of trafficking in human beings " (Trafficking Victims Protection Act), which identified as the most severe forms of sex trafficking, as well as recruitment, harboring, transportation of people through the use of force, deception in order to attract to forced labor. Also adopted in 2000, the UN Palermo Protocol* has become part of international law; and one of the policy priorities of the members of this organization is the elimination of the modern slave trade. However, thousands of people continue to fall victim to it, despite all the prohibitions provided for by laws and international treaties. In June 2012, the US State Department published its next annual report on international human trafficking. As stated at its presentation by US Secretary of State X. Clinton, today, more than 27 million people worldwide are victims of contemporary forms of slavery involving forced labor or services - what we call human trafficking.3 Human trafficking has been a pressing issue for Cambodia since the early 1990s. During this period, the country achieved relative political ... Read more

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Japan Online
Tokyo, Japan
15.01.2024 (152 days ago)
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