DOES THE UK HAVE AN AFRICAN FUTURE?
G. A. KARPOV Candidate of Historical Sciences Institute of Africa, Russian Academy of Sciences Keywords: Great Britain, Africa, migration Recently, the British authorities and the media have been paying great attention to migration and interethnic relations. Prime Minister David Cameron twice - in an election speech on November 28, 2014,1 and a speech on May 21, 2015,2-declared that the country has built one of the most successful "multi-racial democracies"in the world. Such an uncontroversial statement, against the backdrop of Cameron's recognition of the failure of multiculturalism in February 20113, is self-confident. The British media did not focus on these words of the Prime Minister. However, one in six of the country's 64.5 million inhabitants today belongs to one or another overseas diaspora. UK domestic politics are already unthinkable page 59 without taking into account what is happening among ethnic minorities, including African communities. Africans in the UK began to arrive actively in the second half of the XX century. For the shortest period of time by historical standards since 1951, the number of migrants from African countries, at least doubling every 10 years, by 2015 exceeded 1.2 million people. The largest number of African migrants in the UK born outside the country falls on South Africa (211 thousand), Nigeria (190 thousand), Kenya (133 thousand), Zimbabwe (125 thousand), Somalia (102 thousand), Ghana (80 thousand), Uganda (52 thousand), Zambia (35 thousand).), Tanzania (35 thousand)4. Africans were traveling to the UK in search of work, education, and political asylum. The majority of African migrants arrived in the 1960s and 1980s. Further growth is mainly due to family reunification and the high birth rate among second-and third-generation Africans. At least 10 million residents of modern Britain are members of ethnic minorities (mainly migrants and their descendants in the second or third generation, who settled in the country in the last ... Read more
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Japan Online · 141 days ago 0 154
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30.01.2024 (141 days ago)
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